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Mga kabataan, human rights groups nanawagan ng hustisya para kay Kian

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Iba’t ibang progresibong grupo ang nagtipon-tipon sa Monumento kahapon, ika-26 ng Agosto, upang hintayin at makimartsa sa libing ni Kian Loyd Delos Santos at ipanawagan ang hustosya para sa napaslang na binata. Kuha ni Philip Jamilla/TomasinoWeb.

“Justice for Kian, justice for all!”

Ito ang sigaw ng libo-libong mga kabataan na nagprotesta kasabay ng libing ng 17 anyos na si Kian Loyd Delos Santos kahapon, ika-26 ng Agosto.

Iba’t-ibang mga grupo at human rights advocates ang nagmartsa kasama ng pamilya at mga kaibigan ng namayapang binata mula sa Sta. Quiteria Parish sa Caloocan hanggang sa La Loma Cemetery.

Panawagan ni Virgilio David, obispo ng Caloocan, sa pamahalaan na itigil na ang mga patayan at sa halip ay magtayo ng mga programang pangrehabilitasyon para sa mga lulong at tulak ng ilegal na droga. Kuha ni Philip Jamilla/TomasinoWeb.

Sa isang misa para sa libing ng binata, nanawagan ang Obispo ng Caloocan na si Virgilio David na itigil na ng pamahalaan ang mga patayan sa ngalan ng kampanya nito laban sa ilegal na droga.

“Stop the killings, start the healing,” ani ng obispo sa kanyang homiliya, kung saan kinumpara niya ang pagkamatay ng binata sa pagkamatay ni Hesus.

Dinaluhan rin ang misa ng iba pang mga pamilya ng mga napaslang kaugnay umano ng nasabing kampanya.

Mariing kinondena ni David ang mga Katolikong ‘di umano’y sinusuportahan pa ang mga patayan at giniit rin niya na biktima lamang mga adik at tulak.

“[Sila] ay hindi kalaban. Sila ay mga biktima lamang. Ang totoong kalaban ay ang mga [nagpapasok] ng droga sa ating bansa,” aniya.

 

Nanawagan ang mga rallyista sa harap ng Manila Central University ng hustisya para sa mga napaslang kaugnay ng giyera kontra droga habang hinihintay ang pagdating ng kabaong ni Delos Santos. Kuha ni Philip Jamilla/TomasinoWeb.

Habang dinadala ang kabaong ng binata sa kanyang huling hantungan, nag-abang naman ang iba pang mga rallyista malapit sa Monumento upang magsagawa ng maikling kilos-protesta.

Nanawagan sila na bigyang hustisya ang mga napatay sa extrajudicial killings buhat ng kampanya ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte laban sa ilegal na droga na isa umanong porma ng pasismo ng estado.

“Kami [ay] lubos na nagagalit dahil ang batang nag-aasam na matapos ang kaniyang pag-aaral, maabot ang kaniyang mga pangarap ay maagang binawi ang buhay dahil sa giyera kontra droga ng administrasyon,” ani Eule Rico Bonganay, ang pangkalahatang-kalihim ng Salinlahi, sa isang panayam sa TomasinoWeb.

 

Makikitang nagluluksa ang pamilya at ilang mga kaibigan ni Delos Santos nang ito’y nailibing na sa La Loma Cemetery. Kuha ni Philip Jamilla/TomasinoWeb.

Mariin ring kunokondena ng grupo ang kampanya laban sa droga ng administrasyong Duterte.

“Wala kaming pagtutol kung ang layunin ng pamahalaan ay sugpuin yung mga droga, pero kung [ang kampanya] ay nangangahulugang pagkitil ng buhay ng mga bata, ng mga inosente, ng mga pinagsususpetyahan na gumagamit at nagbebenta ng droga, mariin naming kinokondena at tinututulan [ito],” aniya.

Para kay Danmer de Guzman, pangkalahatang kalihim ng grupong Kadamay, hindi tinupad ni Duterte ang kanyang pangako na pangalagaan ang mga kabataan.

“Kung matatandaan natin noong nakaraang taon, binanggit niya: ‘If you destroy the youth of this country, I will kill you.’ Parang gusto naming ibalik: ‘Pinatay mo ang isang Kian Delos Santos. Pinatay ng PNP ang isang Kian delos Santos.’” aniya sa isang panayam sa TomasinoWeb.

Dagdag ni De Guzman, hindi pagpatay sa mga mamamayan ang solusyon para sa problema ng bansa sa droga.

“Kung gusto nating sugpuin ang droga, droga ang sinusugpo, hindi ang taong bayan.”

Pinagpatuloy ng mga progresibong grupo ang kanilang kilos-protesta sa Mendiola, kasama ang mga grupo ng mga nagkakampuhang magsasaka at mangingisda mula sa Caraga.

Dito, nagsagawa sila ng maikling programa na sinundan ng isang candle lighting ceremony para sa lahat ng mga napaslang ng giyera kontra droga.

Pinagpatuloy ng ibang mga grupo ang kanilang protesta sa Mendiola sa isang candle lighting ceremony. Kuha ni Angelika Ortega/TomasinoWeb.

Si Delos Santos ay isang Grade 11 na mag-aaral mula sa Our Lady of Lourdes College, Valenzuela noong siya ay mapaslang noong ika-16 ng Agosto sa isang operasyon sa Caloocan matapos umano itong manlaban sa mga pulis.

Isa lamang siya sa mga 54 na menor de edad na napatay sa kampanya ng pamahalaan kontra droga, ayon sa pinakahuling datos ng Children’s Legal Rights and Development Center ngayong buwan.

Ayon sa mga naunang ulat, inosente at hindi nanlaban si Delos Santos, base sa testigo ng mga saksi at kuha mula sa CCTV. Taliwas ito sa mga paratang ng pulisya na gumamit ‘di umano ng baril ang binata.

Kasalukuyang silang nasa restrictive custody habang nagsasagawa ng imbestigasyon ang Philippine National Police — Internal Affair Service.

Sa resultang inilabas kamakailan lamang ng Northern Police District Crime Laboratory Office, nag-negatibo si Delos Santos sa pagsusuri para sa gunpowder nitrates.

Sa kabila ng mga batikos mula sa taong-bayan, ibinalita naman ng tagapagsalita ng pangulo na si Ernesto Abella na nagpatawag na ito ng imbestigasyon ukol sa kamatayan ng binata.

Samantala, ang pamilya ni Delos Santos ay nagpaplanong maghain ng kasong murder sa tatlong pulis na sangkot sa kaso.— A. Ortega at P. Jamilla

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Media, artists back freedom of press, expression

Media practitioners, artists, and various organizations expressed their support in freedom of the press and freedom of expression in response to the possible removal of ABS-CBN franchise and passage of Anti-Terrorism Bill.

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Carl Jeric Mataga/TomasinoWeb

Media practitioners, artists, and various organizations expressed their support in freedom of the press and freedom of expression in response to the possible removal of ABS-CBN franchise and passage of Anti-Terrorism Bill.

“Ang sining ang kaluluwa ng ating bayan. Ang kalayaan sa pamamahayag at pagpapahayag ang kaluluwa ng demokrasya. ‘Pag dumating ang panahon na wala na ang mga ‘yan, wala na ang bayan,” Filipino director Joel Lamangan said in a speech at Cine Adarna Film Center, University of the Philippines (UP) Diliman on Saturday, March 7, 2020.

Lamangan stressed that the role of art and film is not just evoking emotions but reflecting the reality in the lives of the Filipinos.

“Ang pinagbabatayan ay ang katotohanang nakikita nila sa araw-araw na buhay, at ang katotohanang nakikita nila ay ang katotohanang nagrerepresenta sa interes ng nakararami,” he said.

The truth, according to Lamangan, is that many Filipinos are still oppressed, remain in poverty, killed, and continuously deceived by government officials.

“Ano ang katotohanan?…Ang katotohanang hindi ka maaaring magsabi ng katotohanan taliwas sa kanilang katotohanang ipinaglalaban,” Lamangan said.

Joel Lamangan speaks in the forum “Malaya” at the Cine Adarna Film Institute in the University of the Philippines-Diliman on March 8, 2020.

UP College of Fine Arts Prof. Neil Doloricon, Chairperson of Concerned Artists of the Philippines, similarly pointed out that artists and journalists play an important role in urging the people to prevent the death of the democracy.

“Ang kalayaan sa pamamahayag at pagpapahayag ay karapatan nating lahat. Ito ang ating sandata laban sa pang-aabuso sa kapangyarihan ng oligarkiya,” Doloricon said. “Ang karapatang ito ay dapat maglingkod sa kapakinabangan ng mamamayan.”

Doloricon mentioned that both artists and journalists during the Marcos regime continued to fight for freedom and democracy despite the forceful shutdown of the mass media and the press.

“Uhaw sa tunay na impormasyon at balita ang mamamayan. At ito ay sinikap gampanan ng mga artista, midya ng bayan,” he said.

On ABS-CBN franchise removal

In light of the franchise removal of ABS-CBN network, Doloricon said that the Duterte administration has not given any consideration to almost 11,000 employees who will be directly affected.

“Ngayon lantarang ipinahihiwatig ni Duterte na kanyang pipigilan ang muling pagbibigay ng prangkisa sa ABS-CBN,” he said. “Malinaw na ang kaganapang ito ay pagyurak sa kalayaan nating magpahayag.”

Defend Jobs PH and National Union of Journalists of the Philippines (NUJP) both said that the freedom of the press and search for truth is a struggle in the current administration.

“Ang pakikibaka para sa kalayaan ay pakikibaka din para sa kasiguraduhan sa trabaho, nakabubuhay na sahod, at disenteng kabuhayan. Kasabay sa paghahanap ng katotohanan ay ang pagkakamit ng hustisiyang panlipunan…Hindi ito makakamit sa ilalim ng kasalukuyang rehimen.” Thadeus Ifurung of Defend Jobs said.

Dabet Panelo of NUJP said, “Mas malala yung sitwasyon sa ibang mga media companies dahil…karamihan ay bawal magpakita ng suporta sa kompetisyon.”

Kabataan Partylist Rep. Sarah Elago expressed her support, citing that the youth have become the usual target of fake news, disinformation, profiling, and red-tagging.

“Ang kabataan ay nakikiisa sa lahat ng layong ito na naninindigan kasama ng mga alagad ng medya sa pagtatanggol ng mga kalayaan sa pamamahayag at pagpapahayag.”

Despite the attack on press freedom and freedom of expression, according to Doloricon, it only indicates the effectiveness of the criticisms of both media and artists.

“Ang ating karapatan at kalayaan sa pamamahayag at pagpapahayag ay hindi panlilimos kundi ito ay iginigiit at ipinaglalaban.” he said. “ Ito rin ang hamon ngayon. Huwag tayong matakot at ipaglaban natin ito.”

The event, Malaya: Gathering for Press Freedom and Freedom of Expression, was organized by College Editors Guild of the Philippines, in cooperation with Altermidya – People’s Alternative Media Network, Defend Jobs Philippines, Concerned Artists of the Philippines, Kadamay, Active Vista, Movement Against Tyranny, Youth Act Now Against Tyranny, Dakila, and Kabataan Partylist.

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Be vigilant of looming dictatorship —Party-list representatives

“Ang pinakanakakabahala na hindi na lang tayo basta nagto-throwback kundi nararanasan na natin ngayon ang mga dating nababasa ng natin sa history books.”

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Party-list representatives encouraged Filipinos not to let Duterte administration imitate the dictatorship of late President Ferdinand Marcos as they pointed out similar patterns of oppression and violence in today’s administration. 

During the 34th anniversary protest of the EDSA People Power Revolution on Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2020, Bayan Muna Rep. Carlos Zarate said that there is a parallelism between today’s administration and of Marcos. He said that even Duterte himself idolizes the late president, and declaring martial law is just what is missing.

“Papayag pa ba tayo na kung ano ang ginawa sa atin ng diktador na si Marcos ay gagawin ngayon ni Pangulong Duterte sa pamamagitan ng mga tiranikal na mga pamamaraan?” Zarate told TomasinoWeb in an interview.

He also challenged Filipino whether they will allow another dictator who launched the war on drugs which led to thousands of deaths, harassed progressive groups, media, and church people to lead for decades.

Meanwhile, Kabataan Partylist Rep. Sarah Elago echoed the same sentiments especially with the franchise renewal of ABS-CBN still remains uncertain.

“Ang pinakanakakabahala na hindi na lang tayo basta nagto-throwback kundi nararanasan na natin ngayon ang mga dating nababasa ng natin sa history books,” Elago said. 

Isagani also said that the ABS-CBN franchise renewal is now the people’s issue. He also encouraged the Congress to assert their independence as an co-equal branch of the government. 

“Ang talagang hamon ngayon ay hango sa liderato ng kamara na hindi dapat kami nadidiktahan. If we are an independent co-equal branch of [the] government, [k]ailangang tumindig kami bilang co-equal branch ng government. [H]indi dahil galit ang Presidente at ayaw niyang i-renew ang franchise ng ABS[-CBN] ay hindi na rin kami kikilos,” Zarate said. 

On mandatory ROTC

Isaganani and Elago also expressed their disapproval of the implementation of the mandatory ROTC.

“Ang tinuturo ng ROTC ay pekeng nasyonalismo bagkus ay pasismo. Sa ngayon pa lang, hindi pa ginawang mandatory. Mag-iba iba man ang pangalan niyan, ito’y gagamitin ng nasa security sector ng militar para isulong ang konsepto ng development and progress na naka ugat sa pasismo,” Zarate said. 

Elago also encouraged to stay vigilant amid the ‘looming dictatorship’ in the country.

“Hindi natin kailangan ng maghintay ng isang impeachment complaint para wakasan ang pasismo, ang anti-democratic measures at tiranya sa ating bayan. Ang totoong hamon talaga rito ay nasa taong bayan,” she said. Hazel Camba

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‘Review Citizen Service Act framework,’ student leaders say

Student leaders demand for a discussion of the framework of the ‘Citizen Service Act,’ a bill which is proposed to amend or repeal the Republic Act 9163 or the National Service Training Program Law by making the Reserve Officer Training Corps mandatory.

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Jaime Taganas/TomasinoWeb

Student leaders demand for a discussion of the framework of the ‘Citizen Service Act,’ a bill which is proposed to amend or repeal the Republic Act 9163 or the National Service Training Program (NSTP) Law by making the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) mandatory.

The Citizen Service Training Course (CSTC) consolidates all 32 House bills on mandatory ROTC which requires grades 11 and 12, and college students to undergo a combination of military and non-military training.

During the Committee on Higher and Technical Education’s hearing at the House of Representatives on Feb. 24, 2020, National Union of Students in the Philippines (NUSP) President Raoul Manuel stressed the need to discuss the framework of the proposed bill rather than its contents first.

“We wanted to know what service would be required from the students,” Manuel said.

Promoting nationalism and patriotism, as well as youth involvement in disasters, is a goal for the student leaders as well. However, Manuel believes that the provisions of the bill can be done under the NSTP Law of 2001.

“[B]efore we can proceed to amending or introducing new bills, we have to justify why it has to be changed in the first place,” Manuel said.

“Some of us here are undergoing NSTP, some have already finished, and we are looking for ways to be of service to our nation…[W]hat remains to be seen is how the state can systematically make use of the youth,” he added.

University of the Philippines (UP) Board of Regents member Isaac Punzalan believes that the bill imposes the removal of choice from the students.

Academic freedom, according to Punzalan, should not be only exercised in UP but in all universities.

“This kind of bill…[w]ould compromise academic freedom, because it really tries to take away the choice, the free choice of the students,” Punzalan said

He emphasized the need for the students’ liberty to choose on “what kind of way” they would give back and serve the people.

“We really stand that UP, SUCs, and universities should remain zones of peace and academic freedom,” Punzalan added.

Added burden to students

Student leaders believe that the mandatory ROTC will require time and effort from the “already overburdened” students.

Mandatory ROTC, according to James Candila of De La Salle University, will affect students not only physically and mentally, but also financially.

Expenses like uniforms, gears, and other additional contributions will be “a heavy burden” to families living on a tight budget. “[I]t is something that we should consider given the fact that it will still be an additional cost to our parents,” Candila said.

Students also questioned the lack of study in the effectivity of the NSTP Program.

“When we have these certain questions at hand, then, shouldn’t we still focus on these concerns rather than bring up another procedure that we aren’t even sure if it works,” Jaeanne Maranon of Ateneo de Manila University said.

The proposed CSTC bill according to her, has no material evidence to prove that it will “better” the current conditions of the Philippine youth.

Personal testimonies of Senior High School (SHS) students said that the frameworks of the previous programs offered to them do not generate any valuable learnings.

“[T]hey would share to us that they would just stand in line, and they would just march and do horseplay,” she said.

Maranon stands firm on continuously “critiquing and focusing” on how to improve the existing NSTP program instead of introducing another bill.

On passing the bill

Kabataan party-list representative Sarah Elego stressed the need for the House of Representatives to proceed with caution in terms of passing the proposed CSTC bill.

The ROTC, according to an exclusive interview with Elago, has had a long history of abuse, corruption, and discrimination. “We should not allow any such abuses to continue inside our school gates.”

Elago emphasized the need for a grievance mechanism that would respond to cases of abuses. She admittedly found reports of victim blaming on the part of the students alarming.

“[Y]ou know the victim blaming is very rampant… [h]indi dapat ganun, Kung may report ng abuso na dapat tugunan, dapat ma-ensure na may mananagot,” she said.

Elago believes that the ROTC program is rigged with “misogyny, sexism, machismo, and chauvinism.” These issues, according to her, must be properly addressed and perpetrators should be held accountable. Jayziel Khim Budino

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