Connect with us

Peripheral

Edsa inspired SoKor’s Democracy Movement, says Sogang Uni professor

Sogang University professor Lim Sang-Woo says that the 1986 People Power Revolution inspired the South Korean June Democracy Movement during a lecture on Saturday, Feb. 27, at the Thomas Aquinas Research Center.

Published

on

Sogang University professor Lim Sang-Woo says that the 1986 People Power Revolution inspired the South Korean June Democracy Movement during a lecture on Saturday, Feb. 27, at the Thomas Aquinas Research Center. In this Feb. 25, 2015 photo, the People Power monument is adorned with yellow flowers in celebration of the 29th anniversary of the People Power Revolution. (Carmelo Culvera/TomasinoWeb)

“The Filipinos did it, why not us?”

A Sogang University history professor told Thomasians on Saturday, Feb. 27, that it was Edsa People Power that inspired Koreans to overthrow their dictator in 1987, merely a year after the peaceful revolution.

Lim Sang-Woo, who was the keynote speaker for the Ateneo Initiative for Korean Studies’ (AIKS) Korea 101 Lab,  discussed the historical similarities and diplomatic ties between Korea and Philippines in his  lecture at the Thomas Aquinas Research Complex Auditorium.

“The reign of General Park coincidentally matched that of Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines, very similar years,” Lim said, referring to Park Chung Hee, who was South Korea’s president from 1961 to 1979 and is the father of the current president Park Geun Hye.

In 1972, Park seized power and declared martial law in South Korea, weeks after Marcos’ declaration of martial law in the Philippines.

Like in the Philippines, several Korean students also protested against their government’s administration which lead to some being jailed like Lim who had been imprisoned for seven years when he had been a college student  or executed.

However, he also said that he has mixed feelings for Park. “For those 18 years, he developed the country as one of the leading industrial nations in the world; but on the political [aspect], he severely suppressed people’s political and human rights.”

“In a sense, Marcos did it, I believe development and dictatorship,” he added.

After Park’s assassination in 1979, a sense of déjà vu occurred in South Korea as another military general, Chun Doo Hwan, seized power through another coup. In 1980, Chun also declared martial law.

Koreans held mass demonstrations to show opposition to Chun’s administration in 1987, which was called the June Democracy Movement similar to the People Power Revolution in 1986.

The Korean uprising led to an election that dethroned Chun, and the People Power Revolution, on the other hand, ousted the country’s ruling dictator Marcos.

Lim also said that Koreans are thankful to the Filipinos for their contribution to the progress of their country, mentioning the help of the Philippine Expeditionary Forces during the Korean War and the country’s first indoor auditorium that was built by Filipino engineers.

“The Philippine Army was the first dispatcher from Asia to help out (sic) South Korea from the invasion of North Korea. We are very thankful to them, we never forget,” he added.

Understanding Korea beyond K-Pop

READ  Ex-senator calls for end to hazing, violence in campus

“’Yong diniscuss ni Professor Lim is profound, […] [telling the] history ng Korea from [the lens of] a Korean,” UST Asian Studies Society President Dennisse Ian Bonsato said in an interview with TomasinoWeb.

“Refreshing siyang pakinggan other than kung ano lang ang nababasa natin, mostly written by Western authors.”

In partnership with the AIKS, the department of Interdisciplinary Studies (Asian Studies) of the Faculty of Arts and Letters and Annyeong Tomasino organized this year’s AIKS Korea 101 Lab.

AIKS Korea 101 Lab is a series of lectures and workshops “related to Korean Studies and Philippines-Korea relations” as a “response to the growing Korean population in the country and the increasing exchanges between Filipinos and Koreans,” said  Professor Sarah Jane Lipura, associate director of the AIKS.

Meanwhile, president of Annyeong Tomasino Sarah Celine Tolentino, said that the event’s purpose was to enlighten the students about the cultural and historical aspects of Korea, that Korea is not just about K-Pop.

“South Korea provides us technological products, [while] the Philippines provides human resources to South Korea,” Bonsato said.

“South Korea is also doing a great job in cultural diplomacy; some call it K-Pop, [but] we call it cultural diplomacy between the Philippines and South Korea,” he added.

Comments

Peripheral

Include youth in climate measures, environmental activists say

Environmental activists demanded the government Friday, Sept. 25, for the inclusion of youth participation in measures against the climate injustices in the country. 

Published

on

Environmental activists demanded the government Friday, Sept. 25, for the inclusion of youth participation in measures against the climate injustices in the country. 

“[A]dapt the youth agenda. You need to designate spaces for us. Co-power us and include us in plans and decision making,” Greenpeace Philippines campaigner Kisha Muana said. 

Muana stressed the need for a formal youth representation in local and national policies, citing the absence of policy actions concerning the youth’s needs in the government executive recovery plan.

According to Philippine Youth Climate Movement Director Ruzzel Morales, the youth can significantly contribute in provoking the system to generate changes. 

Morales called on the National Youth Commission to “genuinely advocate” the Filipino youth in the government. 

“Enough of your lip service. We want action and we want it now,” she said. 

Kabataan Partylist Rep. Sarah Elago urged Congress to take a stand on the environmental affairs of the country.

“Kailangan natin na patuloy ipadinig ang boses na naghuhumiyaw at naninindigan para sa pananagutan sa mga tao sa kinauukulan at para sa tungkulin ng bawat isang lingkod bayan na paglingkuran ang sambayanang Pilipino,” Elago said.

According to Elago, there are seven environment-related bills that are already in the period of debate in the Congress and Senate, while 13 have passed the third reading. 

The “Para sa Klimabukasan Global Day of Climate Action” digital strike and forum was co-organized by Youth Strike 4 Climate Philippines, Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development, I am Hampaslupa Inc., Living Laudato Si Philippines, Pangasinan Youth for Disaster Risk Reduction and Management, Philippine Movement for Climate Justice, STEP Philippines, SUSG Environment Committee, and We the Future PH inspired by climate activist Greta Thunberg. Wendell Adrian Quijado

Comments

Continue Reading

Peripheral

CHR, Church opposes Duterte’s call to revive death penalty

The Commission on Human Rights (CHR) and the Church slammed President Duterte’s call to revive death penalty for crimes related to illegal drugs in his fifth and penultimate State of the Nation Address. 

Published

on

Photo courtesy of Manila Bulletin

The Commission on Human Rights (CHR) and the Church slammed President Duterte’s call to revive death penalty for crimes related to illegal drugs in his fifth and penultimate State of the Nation Address. 

“We believe in the need for a comprehensive approach in addressing drug sale and use, as well as other crimes anchored on restorative justice,” CHR spokesperson Jacqueline de Guia said in a statement. 

While the commission agrees to punish crimes, de Guia stressed that it should not result in further violations of human rights. 

Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines – Commission on Prison Pastoral Care chairman and Legazpi bishop Joel Baylon and Balanga bishop Ruperto Santos cited that studies proved that capital punishment does not deter crimes. 

“The country will also lose the honor of one of the nations which condemned death penalty if capital punishment is revived,” Sorsogon bishop Arturo Bastes said. 

According to CHR, Duterte’s vow to uphold human rights above all does not coincide with restoring death penalty through lethal injection. 

The Commission also cited that it would breach the international agreement to abolish capital punishment, which the country ratified in 2007. 

“[A]ny moves to reinstate capital punishment in the country conflicts with the tenets of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,” de Guia said.

Senate President Vicente Sotto III on Monday, July 27, said the revival of death penalty for drug-related offenses now has a better chance of being passed in the 18th Congress. Raheema Velasco

Comments

Continue Reading

Peripheral

‘Have we really achieved acceptance?’—gender lawyer

Twenty years into the fight for an anti-discrimination legislation, gender equality and human rights lawyers stressed the need for a law that would protect the LGBTQI+ community from sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression (SOGIE) discrimination.

Published

on

Screengrab from #PrideHangouts 02: Tuloy ang Laban para sa SOGIE Equality webinar

Twenty years into the fight for an anti-discrimination legislation, gender equality and human rights lawyers stressed the need for a law that would protect the LGBTQI+ community from sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression (SOGIE) discrimination. 

“[J]ust last year, Metro Manila Pride recorded 70,000 attendees. For the most part we thought that it’s a sign of society’s increased support for the community…[b]ut have we really achieved acceptance?” Atty. Claire de Leon said yesterday, June 27. 

The Gretchen Diez incident last year, according to Atty. De Leon, “drastically” shifted the perception of the public toward the LGBTQI+ community and the ongoing fight for the SOGIE Equality bill. 

Misconceptions surfaced after the incident that was followed by a “massive” misinformation campaign against the bill. 

“[N]akakalungkot na marami ding nagbabangga ng mga karapatan natin sa karapatan ng ibang sector. Nakakalungkot na ang ibang tao iniisip nila na this bill would take away rights from heterosexuals or cisgender persons,” Atty. De Leon said. 

However, she stressed that protecting the rights of a marginalized sector does not take away the rights of another.

“[I]f you think that allowing a sector to exercise their rights would take away the rights of others, [then] we must rethink how we see rights [and] how we understand rights,” she said. 

Anti-discrimination ordinances in LGUs

The lack of SOGIE-based national laws pushed LGBTQI+ groups to fight for anti-discrimination ordinances (ADO) within the local government units. 

Marikina Mayor Marcelino Teodoro announced last year, June 29, the passage of the city’s ADO during the Metro Manila Pride March. 

Quezon City on the other hand passed on November 28, 2014 the Gender Fair Ordinance, which was authored by Councilor Mayen Juico and was signed by the then-mayor Herbert Bautista.

Despite having implementing rules and regulations (IRRs) and ordinances, Atty. De Leon said that the process is not entirely implemented and effective. 

“May council [at] may members of the council pero walang office…[N]a-highlight lang nito na hindi natatapos ang lobbying, hindi natatapos ang laban natin sa pagpasa ng ordinance,” De Leon said. 

“Kailangan nating ma-push na meron IRRs at also kailangan nating ma-make sure na nai-implement talaga ang mga ordinances na ‘to,” she added. 

De Leon said that laws and initiatives against anti-discrimination, whether from the national government, LGUs, or private sectors, are necessary to build a more inclusive community.

“Discrimination still occurs and as long as discrimination under the basis of SOGIE persists, we need a law that would give us protection…[p]rotection must be available and accessible to each of us regardless of our SOGIE,” she said. 

SOGIE and Anti-terror bills

READ  Ex-senator calls for end to hazing, violence in campus

According to Atty. Eljay Bernardo, the “vagueness” of the provisions of the Anti-Terrorism Bill can directly affect the LGBTQI+ community as a marginalized sector fighting for SOGIE bill. 

“If we request government, demand government of our rights, it could be construed as terrorism, as destabilization,” Atty. Bernardo said.

The imprisonment of the Pride20, according to him, uncovered how the law can be “twisted” against freedom of speech and assembly. 

Last Friday, June 26, 10 members of LGBTQI+ rights group Bahaghari along with eight from other progressive groups, and two drivers were detained at the Manila Police District. 

They were being charged with disobedience of persons in authority in relation to Republic Act 11332, or the Law on Reporting of Communicable Disease and Batas Pambansa 880, or the Public Assembly Act.

Atty. Bernardo said that the bill could put burden in LGBTQI+ groups, which could be an excuse to put the members of these groups under the surveillance of an anti-terrorism council. 

According to Atty. De Leon, the Anti-Terror bill could “silence all of us,” especially the marginalized sector. 

“[F]or us when activism is the only way of asserting our narratives, this can further render us voiceless. It seems like wala naman siyang direct effect, pero the dangers of it ay nararamdaman na natin ngayon,” she said. 

The webinar #PrideHangouts 02: Tuloy ang Laban para sa SOGIE Equality was hosted by Pat Bringas and was organized by Metro Manila Pride.

Comments

Continue Reading

Trending