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‘The Kingmaker’ is not just a history refresher, it’s a reminder

The Kingmaker’s words were spoken and the son has yet to reclaim the throne of the past dictator. Their perception may be real, but the truth must always prevail.

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Photo courtesy of PalabasTayo

With the throne in opulent display and deceitful regalia from ear to ear, the kingmaker and other narrators of history sit before us to recount the truth of the past from within their eyes in this 2019 documentary by Lauren Greenfield.

The Kingmaker starts off with somber yet contempt-driven music that traverses the outskirts of Manila to a sidelong view of Imelda Marcos in her private car. After stopping at a red light, kids started crowding around her window due to the P50 paper bills she was willingly giving away to the distressed; her voice resonating the somber expression on her face from seeing the frantic children.

After riding away, she resentfully stated how Manila has turned into a land more so filled with the desperate needs and cries of the destitute regardless of its domineering stature, from this ‘little paradise’ that they once governed and reigned over.

Imelda subsequently visited one of her projects, the Philippine Children’s Medical Center. With a hint of plaintiveness in her voice and expression, she doles out more blue paper bills from her blue-colored handbag to give away to the cancer patients. The thank you’s were quietly spoken and grateful grins were fixed on the parents’ faces.

The film then transitions to undoubtedly one of the most crucial scenes where she gets prepped for the interview from her regal couch. In a few fleeting seconds, her bashfulness towards her appearance settles in and Imelda was asked to look straight at the camera.

Except for the fact that she doesn’t.

Photo courtesy of the Kingmaker

“An unreliable narrator,” Greenfield remarked in one of her interviews.

This isn’t your typical power-grabbing story of a king fancying control for more domains. This was a part of history when a multitude of voices became restrained, and the truth was merely reduced to a repeated lie spanning up to this generation. From watching the film, Imelda’s narrative clashed forces with eyewitnesses and victims’ testimonies in plain sight.

Power exudes through words and misshapen storytelling. From the facets of Imelda’s reality, she enjoyed the ideal nature of ‘mothering’ for her country yet continued to be oblivious to the narratives underneath her definition of beauty. Excess was charming, but the spending seemed too unreasonable and overwhelming. Her shrewd thinking of excess was way across the border of normalcy, despite her intentions of beautifying her own country (and the whole world).

Greenfield originally wanted the documentary’s premise to be centered around Imelda’s private safari island in the country, specifically situated in the island of Calauit — former home to the indigenous group of the Tagbanwa.

Her private safari looked almost like the icing on the cake on her venture for a country adorned as pretty as a picture. 254 families formerly residing on the island became victims of their impulsiveness, evicting them from their homes and depriving them of their freedom to speak candidly for themselves as native locals. But as the animals ultimately suffered from the Marcoses’ spontaneity, their hold on the seats of authority clamped down even further for a lasting and absurdly deep-rooted dynasty in Philippine politics.

“My projects, I did not only make them good and right; it had to be beautiful. And beauty, really, is the extravagance of love.”

But her love can be a clear euphemism of the ambiguous desire to retain power in the Marcos name in spite of their disreputable ill-gotten wealth.

“Sa simula, siya’y isang kalansay na napahahabag, at nagwakas na isang makapangyarihan, palalong diyos.”Edgardo M. Reyes, Sa Kuko ng Liwanag

Photo courtesy of IMDB

Gold might just be their definition of the new black

Contents of Philippine history under the reign of the Marcoses were unpacked in this documentary with abundance — a good history refresher, might I add. The one thing I could never shake off while gawking at my screen is the grandiose display of wealth in every frame she appeared on in her interview. The abuse of power was also there, and the entrenched might to twist a perspective and ignore all other accounts.

The introductory clips were in itself stomach-churning — a powerful way to rouse the emotion without experiencing it firsthand.

A subtle power-flex was inserted (purposefully) in the film as if the clip was meant for behind-the-scenes footage rather than part of the documentary itself.

In this particular scene, Imelda was showing the sundry framed images of her travels and official meet-ups with relevant people (e.g. noteworthy leaders of countries, dictators, and even the Royal Family), heedless of noticing one of the pictures falling and glass breaking. Greenfield simply stated in another interview that this was a powerful ‘character moment’ expressing carelessness amidst the wreckage in her personality and the ways of her actions.

Further on in the film, Imelda was celebrating her birthday with an audience, years after her family returned from their exile in Hawaii. She amusingly jokes, “O, sino may gusto ng sapatos — do you want a taste of my shoes?”

I might not have to explain further how ironically menacing that was despite it being her attempt at a joke in a room filled with cameras, applauding people, and golden furniture. King Midas might already be jealous now of the way she turns everything into a begrudgingly golden moment where everyone has their eyes set upon her, ears unquestionably listening, and actions rashly following the words uttered by her mouth.

They found no skeletons, only beautiful shoes.”

Marcos’ ruling was notoriously treated as the ‘Golden Age’ of the Philippines because of an assumingly great economic growth spanning his twenty years of proclaimed presidency in the country. Unfortunately, people were terribly remiss of the actual numbers that depicted a great recession in the economy further along with the dictator’s reign with external debts ‘skyrocketing’ and media censorship on the rise.

Following the declaration of martial law, assault and torture were reeking in the streets; all types of media were censored aside from Marcos’ band of publicists and propagandists; and human rights and assertive justice were nowhere to be found than from the tip of a gun, torture, and that of a hefty bribe. The exploitation of workers and corruption grew deep, and the poor became poorer because of existential greed.

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Greenfield went further on to interview a few prospects, namely former president Noynoy Aquino, former chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights Etta Rosales, activist May Rodriguez, journalist-screenwriter Pete Lacaba, PCGG head Andy Bautista, Bongbong Marcos, Sandro Marcos, and Vice-President Leni Robredo.

Rosales, Rodriguez, and Lacaba were all victims of torture and injustice, as they explicitly recounted the excruciating events of Martial Law forty-nine years ago from now. Back then, activism and press freedom were barraged by a despotic rule that is nowhere near the lines of democracy and more on the lines of silencing.

A sad reality has befallen our society in which a string of killings and violence is already deemed inevitable. Years after the Marcoses were exiled, their efforts for upholding the name’s legacy and influence stand up to this day; and little by little, another Marcos becomes elected for a higher seat of authority.

As we see President Rodrigo Duterte take the reins of a country fueled by corruption, dynasties, and drug abuse by the end of the movie, the relevance is uncanny as history might just start to repeat itself yet again.

Perception is real, the truth is not.”

The Kingmaker’s words were spoken and the son has yet to reclaim the throne of the past dictator. Their perception may be real, but the truth must always prevail.

Disparate words and truths pervade the bubble and atmosphere of any form of media, more exceptionally if the spotlight focuses on the speaker who not only informs but influences. A certain cognitive dissonance is true when hearing one lie and the other, and the truth seems to be shrinking out of sight because of an actively recurring revisionist history.

Historical revisionism is a deliberate attempt of whitewashing facts by altering the course of history through disinformation. In today’s digital age, the truths spoken (and written) are mangled to the point of no return; the impact being too compelling to ignore and blindly severing the collective memory and information about an important event in history.

If one person can be swayed by a bulky stack of paper bills and shimmering zeroes, then when will justice play for the victims of an almost erased and distorted history?

The film was already able to feature Bongbong Marcos’ election campaign for a Vice-Presidential bid (and knowingly supporting Duterte’s presidential campaign aside from his running mate and ex-presidential candidate at the time, Sen. Miriam Defensor Santiago). Five years later, the country now sees another offense from their side — a strategy that might be a part of a long-time tactical playbook within their hands. Yet, this time, their eyes are set after the presidential throne.

With the upcoming elections in tow, the spread of fake news is a rampant scheme that knows no boundaries. Revisionism can permeate even through the smallest outlets of informationeven from small whispers to societal rumorsand now through an infamous slew of videos and misguided publicity materials on social media.

Looking at only one side of the coin which shines brightest will not help at all. Turn it over and you might see grime clinging on its surface, hidden underneath the appearance of what we’ve known for so long.

Facebook and Youtube are just two of the platforms that mutated into a breeding ground for fraudulent and fallacious information. Since everyone is using the platform for reasons that benefit us the most, it is nearly impossible to avoid the ruse of getting hoodwinked towards false facts.

The solution? Do thorough research and engage people to do the same. Never limit the capacity to be aware about history and cease deception. This film can be anyone’s refresher, but the understanding doesn’t stop there.

In The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos, Primitivo Mijares wrote: “The night the dark shadows of totalitarianism swallowed the Philippines on September 22, 1972, the intellectual lights went out, along with the other ‘inalienable’ rights of the Filipino people. President Marcos’ military might choked hard at the throats of writers, editors and publishers, and the media facilities. The Philippines went into a deathly journalistic silence.”

Greenfield’s way of documenting Imelda’s narrative was superb and subtle, allowing the smallest intricacies of her wealth and complex demeanor to become explicit by just some simple angles and her movements that made a promising note of exuding power.

It would have been better to see further eyewitnesses but I understood the director’s notion of allowing Imelda to become the narrator of her own perception that had a sheer contrast with the others. As a lady that seems to extend her influence throughout the Marcos dynasty and legacy of being involved in politics, then she might just be the most suitable person for the title of ‘kingmaker’.

Prometheus’ fire will never get snuffed out as another Zeus comes by to ignite conflict within if democracy is upheld and its perpetrators are held accountable. If we don’t start to look at things wisely and responsibly and initiate change for the betterment, then history might just repeat itself after all.

Never forget. Never again.

Stream The Kingmaker on iWantTFC for free.

Sophia Katherine Sarmiento
Blogs Writer | + posts

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Fictional characters’ moments that queer people can relate to

To champion visibility and right representation in media this Pride month, here are some fictional characters’ moments that you may have related to one way or another.

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Artwork by Mikaela Gabrielle de Castro/TomasinoWeb

Finding relatable queer representation in media is like searching for a needle in a haystack. Most of the time, you come across queer fictional characters that siphon every negative stereotype with the purpose of wider viewership or as an ill attempt to feed a horrible narrative of whatever sexuality they are portraying, for whatever reason they think it would serve.

But there are still characters whose portrayal of certain sexuality transcends with the audience; bringing awareness to the viewers and giving the right visibility and accurate representation to those intended—most times by breaking the stigma and defying stereotypes, sometimes by reminding them of the pain of the past (or present).

To champion visibility and right representation in media this Pride month, here are some fictional characters’ moments that you may have related to one way or another. 

1. Taking sexuality quizzes 

Screengrab from @heartstoppertv/Instagram

The scene from Heartstopper where Nick did a cursory search for the question “am i gay?” and answered a sexuality quiz online where it said he was 62% homosexual along with Orla Gartland’s ‘Why Am I Like This’ blasting in the background music perfectly sums up the experience of confusion and utter dread that comes in grappling with the feeling of liking someone from the same sex. 

There was a part of you wishing the quiz was wrong but there was also your gut feeling nudging your heart to believe that it’s real. The dichotomy comes with its respective factors. On the one hand, believing that the quiz coincides with what your heart means embracing what you truly feel. 

On the other, being in denial comes with the fact that if the quiz wastrue, you’d face the imminent danger of dealing in a world where homophobia was rampant and where queer people were subject to mockery and invalidation and even die because of it. 

2. Explaining the bisexual narrative 

Screengrab from @filmsofchalamet/Twitter

Nick’s realization that he may be bisexual peaked while he was watching Pirates of the Caribbean with his mother. The camera went to a close-up on his eyes twiddling from Keira Knightley to Orlando Bloom and vice versa. This short scene was enough representation of bisexuality on its own. 

You’re attracted to both men and women, end of discussion. But since promoting bisexual identity visibility is heavily hindered by the societal and cultural narrative of only two sexualities (gay and lesbian) existing outside the gender binary, bisexual people find it hard to explain what bisexuality is without facing invalidation such as being called indecisive, and just joining the bandwagon.

In Heartstopper, Nick explained the bisexual narrative by replying, “No, it’s definitely not just guys,” after her mother said, “You don’t have to say you like girls if you don’t.” Through this, he showed that there wasn’t a switch button to bisexuality wherein one wakes up and decides that they like men and changes to liking women at the latter part of the day or vice versa. Instead, being attracted to men and women coexist and there were none of those 70/30 or 50/50 percentages that people tend to ask when you tell them you’re bisexual. 

3. Being in a constant state of in-denial 

Photo from Nadao Bangkok

Throughout the episodes of I Told Sunset About You, Teh had struggled to confront his newfound realization that he was attracted to the same sex, hence having a series of “push and pull” in his relationship with Oh-aew who—contrary to Teh—was out to the people around him. One moment, Teh would indulge in his awakening, the next moment he would withdraw whatever feelings he had and leave. This “push and pull” factor was Teh being constantly in denial of coming into terms with his sexuality as the confusion kept him hovering above keeping his friendship instead of pushing through the budding romantic relationship he had with Oh-aew.

The reasons behind Teh being in denial were multifaceted. For one, he knew he had always been attracted to women—considering his years of wooing a girl classmate named Tarn. He was also afraid of how his sexuality would affect his mother and her booming business. Teh also felt suffocated by the societal pressures and gender roles he had grown accustomed to; hence, these thoughts came surging in like a whirlpool and he was stuck in the midst of it, not knowing what to do.

There would be queer people who embody what Teh was feeling the entire series and they were valid in every sense—the fear, expectations, and pressures of it all. For people who do not understand, coming to terms with one’s sexuality would seem like an easy feat—the identifying marker being what you played with as a child: Barbie dolls or Hot Wheels. 

But like Teh’s struggles, understanding one’s sexuality and eventually coming to terms with it could take months at least or years at most, unspooling a skein of yarn that doesn’t seem to end. It’s a constant battle within yourself based on what the external factors were hindering you from eventually deciding. 

4. Having the mindset of needing to prove more than others

Screengrab from GMMTV Official

In the scene from Dark Blue Kiss where Pete and Kao were sitting by the pool and talking about their future, Pete looked at Kao before staring blankly into the distance and asking why he had more to prove than others just because he was attracted to the same sex. “It’s like we disappoint our parents with our sexuality so we have to be a good person, get a good job, and make them proud,” Kao said to which Pete replied that he felt like he needed to be better than everyone else because he was queer when he could be a good person simply because he chose to be one. 

For some queer people, especially the closeted ones, it’s always working double shifts to hide their sexuality in fear that they haven’t proven their worth to come out yet. It’s the fear of being a disappointment but also thinking that proving oneself worthy would help negate any disappointment that came forth. 

The constant urge to strive for perfection could then be a desperate cry for acceptance and acknowledgment wherein you can be embraced, loved, and accepted for who you are without needing to pass through an invisible threshold. 

5. Getting the spotlight for being queer

Screengrab from Hat Trick

In that episode of Derry Girls when Clare wrote an anonymous essay about being a lesbian, Michelle took the credit and shouted that she was the ‘wee lezzer’ in the middle of their school’s staircase all because James said whoever wrote it would basically be a celebrity. 

At first glance, there seems nothing wrong with it. It’s a ’90s show where being queer is a big deal and everyone wants to have a share of the story to quench the curiosity that kicked in. But it’s the fact that announcing you’re queer still equates to being the center of attention that’s the problem. 

This portrayal was an honest take on having people speculate about your sexuality and getting the spotlight for being queer but it’s definitely a horrible experience if you were the subject of it. Clare didn’t write the essay because she wanted the limelight but because it was a “brave” thing for her to do. 

Likewise, queer people come out not because they want the unnecessary attention being brought to their faces but because hiding one’s sexuality can be extremely suffocating, and coming out can be a freeing act to do. However, this isn’t to say that coming out is necessary to feel free. It still depends on one’s decision and what makes them feel better. 

6. Receiving the uncalled-for “So, did you like me?” remark

When Clare came out to Erin that she was the lesbian who wrote the essay, Erin was appalled and said, “Well, I’m sorry Clare, but I’m just not interested in you, not like that,” seemingly implying that because Clare came out as a lesbian meant her friend feels an attraction to every girl. Clare was quick to her wit by saying, “Look at the state of you,” before walking out of the room.

This situation can feel like looking in the mirror after coming out to the closest friends you trust the most. The initial reaction was to blurt out, “So, did you like me?” This common banter with friends after pouring one’s heart to come out reeks of having been fed the stereotype of queer people liking everyone from the same sex when in fact that isn’t the case—not even close. 

Accurate queer representations in media can be a glimmer of hope for everyone to understand the ordeals that queer people go through. However, these are not enough. Despite the sense of comfort that it brings when seeing oneself through the screen, these representations should be projected back to reality instead of staying inside the dialogues said by these fictional characters. 

After all, what better way to go through the rough patches of life than to be embraced not in the confines of queer characters alone but by society and the law as well. Albeit still a long way to go, through actively portraying queer lives the right way, we’ll hopefully, and eventually, get there.

Ada Pelonia
Stories Writer | + posts

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Running up that Palace: Should bloggers become our new journalists?

With the polarization of blogs, vlogs versus journalism in the Palace—the former containing a multitude of outweighing flaws and insufficiencies—can it be truly justified that journalism is no longer needed?

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Artwork by Mikaela Gabrielle de Castro/TomasinoWeb

Another month calls for another dystopian arc in the Philippines. 

Controversial lawyer and vlogger Trixie Cruz-Angeles is the country’s next Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCCO) secretary, who was appointed by a dictator’s son and president-elect Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. She, along with the current administration, already flicked their trump card: aiming to institutionalize bloggers and vloggers to cover presidential and other governmental coverages, like the Duterte administration.

But that’s not even their cherry on top. As of writing, the Pro-Marcos vloggers formed the United Vloggers and Influencers of the Philippines (UVIP), which is currently in the process of drafting their own code of ethics and constitution that would regulate their access to Malacañang. They claimed they will not be biased but at the same time, “pro-government.” 

With the polarization of blogs, vlogs versus journalism—the former containing a multitude of outweighing flaws and insufficiencies—can it be truly justified that journalism is replaceable? 

Journalism is defined as “the collection and editing of news for presentation through the media,” and “writing characterized by a direct presentation of facts or description of events without an attempt at interpretation.” Meanwhile, blogs are “a regular record of your thoughts, opinions, or experiences that you put on the internet for other people to read.” In short, journalism is the absence of emotions and interpretations in articles, while blogs are the presence of the aforementioned. 

Without needing an editor or supervisor as well, a blogger’s own thoughts and topics that interest them are their priority; and there’s nothing wrong with that. But making bloggers and vloggers recognized as licensed individuals to do the reporting instead obscures the elements that come into journalistic ethics and editorial standards such as: objectivity, factuality, credibility, and integrity, which are rules of thumb in reporting. These are primarily taught to and mastered by journalists who undergo methodical and demanding years of writing, finishing a degree, training, internships, and more. 

How can we ensure that an accountability system will be implemented and followed? More importantly, if they’re already attempting to draft their own by-laws? 

Journalism has already grown “less trustworthy”

We all deserve the most truthful and credible individuals to detail accounts and events for the common good of all. But why do others swerve for the defective option as always? 

According to a report by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, most Filipinos believe most news organizations have become heavily politicized (37%) and commercialized (34%), thus rendering evasion of news amongst Filipinos.

There are also instances where reporters are criticized for asking “rude,” biased, and hard questions to politicians. But let it go unnoticed when these politicians at issue proudly give misogynistic, sexist, or foul remarks. The latest report from Reuters also observed that outlets known for their reporting of politicians are “highly distrusted by supporters of the politicians in question,” such as Rappler which ranked the lowest (42%) on the brand news media trust scale. This statistic was said to be prone to  “abuse”  for politicians and trolls to attack independent media and fact-checkers. 

Rappler and ABS-CBN also faced censorship and libel concerns, including communist accusations from pro-administration supporters and black propaganda by the National Task Force To End Local Communist Armed Conflict (NTF-ELCAC). Indeed, Filipinos continue to be caught in neck-deep stigmatized beliefs on advocacy and activism. As a result, several have relied only on contentious media networks, blog sites, and vlogs that support their narrative and politicians—only tightening their blinders and sticking them firmer to their echo chambers. 

However, special treatment for and appointment of questionable vloggers or even reporters aren’t new. In an interview of veteran journalist Karen Davila with Angeles who defended fake-news peddler and then-PCCO assistant secretary Mocha Uson, Thinking Pinoy and pro-administration supporters thought the established journalist “will never be at par” with the then-social media strategist and vlogger’s wits. 

On Marcos Jr.’s first day as president-elect, only three media networks were invited, namely: the Quiboloy-owned Sonshine Media Network (SMNI), the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC)-controlled station NET25, and GMA News. NET25 has received backlash from media watchers for their propagandized, poor sourcing, foul language, and tabloid reporting. The religious sect that endorsed Marcos Jr.’s presidential candidacy attacked the opposition members, Vice President and her supporters numerous times. Their partisan and right-wing reportage also earned them more engagements and followers on Facebook. 

It’s quite clear that if this administration intends to pursue its selective exploits by cherry-picking parts of the media that will only enhance their good side, for mainstream media to stop “antagonizing” them, they are outrightly depriving the public of transparency and accountability—which we shouldn’t have to beg for.

‘Pang-content lang’: School of TikTok, Facebook, and fandom

Screengrab from Bongbong Marcos/YouTube, Toni Gonzaga/YouTube, Rambo Talabong/Rappler, and Google

How has vlogging contributed to the systemic crisis of misinformation and disinformation that got us here? 

The “no to negative campaigning” and “well-mannered” team of Marcos Jr. prides itself on focusing on its own campaign rather than pulling its opponents down; despite being visibly contradictory on multiple occasions, with their approach mimicked by their followers. 

For director Darryl Yap, the creator of the ‘Lenlen’ video series that mocked Robredo—bad publicity is still good publicity. Thus, allowing enablers like him to make more viral gigs to capture the minds and hearts of—if not the old—the younger generations. Anyone who tried criticizing them for their problematic content was called out for their “toxic cancel culture” behaviour by Marcos followers.

While the dirty work is left to the apologists, the Marcoses cleanse their hands as they humanize themselves with down-to-earth personas through their vlogs: playing games, answering Q&As, and day-in-the-life videos in the realms of YouTube and TikTok. 

In many Facebook and TikTok spliced edits, Marcos Jr. is a misunderstood villain whose family name has been wronged. Now, he’s back to heroically sacrifice himself and prove us wrong even when the whole world “turned against him.” Romanticized microcontent like these sanitize their bloodstained history of fascism, murder, and corruption in a snap; and his followers insist they’re untainted while the blotches of injustice are vivid as red. 

There’s also the selective application of freedom of expression. Marcos supporters passionately defended talk show host Toni Gonzaga from criticism in her interview with him. They even thought she was better than most journalists for she was neutral and not negative, refusing to acknowledge the impact of her platform and angle that invalidated martial law victims. But where were they—or worse—why were they sadistic—joyful even—every time a journalist, critic, peasant, and activist were shoved to the fringes for exercising the same thing? 

When content creator Agon Hare of Project Nightfall made a video about the controversial presidential win of Marcos Jr. and the atrocities of the dictatorship of his father, supporters of the family fiercely accused the vlogger of being another biased foreigner who shouldn’t interfere with the Philippines’ history. The video was then removed and he released an apology. 

This isn’t just about them being unapologetic with their blatant display of double standards, but a perilous testament that regardless of where you are; on the riskier edge of being a journalist or safer side as a blogger or vlogger, they’ll hurl at you with their own rendition of history when you reveal a periphery they constantly deny. 

Conjure an image of these reshaping tenfold into power when more vlogger-apologists are then legitimized in the government. It’s a distressing scene just visualizing it. Perhaps this is why it was unbearable to brace for the impact of the 35 million votes at first, for we named them blind followers—just as we were blindsided too by what was about to hit us. 

Quantity over quality?

Table by Rambo Talabong/Rappler, sourced from Social Blade

Listed are the Pro-Marcos vloggers with a high subscriber count, who are members of the UVIP. Angeles said virality, engagement, and a large number of followers are factors in basing the bloggers and influencers that can cover Malacañang. 

The same idea applies to a clairvoyant insight from 2008 by writers Angela and Katrina Stuart Santiago in their book The Filipino is Worth Blogging For. “[T]he success of a blog is measured by it its popularity, i.e., the number of blogs that link to it and the comments it gets per post. Never mind the substance or lack of it or the vision or lack of it,” they wrote. 

As the editor of the publication’s blogs section, this is true. There is a dopamine push that feels like a hard-earned reward, a validation, when our think pieces, commentaries, and reviews acquire high engagement, receive compliments, and have the potential to encourage discourse. 

But even I, myself, have reservations. High yet susceptible engagements, which may be twisted into the “wisdom of the crowd,” shouldn’t be a standard to accredit bloggers, influencers, or anyone, into becoming the new and main information disseminators in the government. Especially when these high tractions mainly stem from spliced videos and false news, turned into propaganda and sensationalized content. 

Ingredients to toss a democracy

Photo by Larizza Lucas/TomasinoWeb

This shouldn’t even be a debate in the first place. But unfortunately, it is. From the get-go, it’s not rocket science to determine what job is more appropriate and qualified in dissecting and delivering information. 

This is not to antagonize that all bloggers and vloggers are discreditable. It’s a matter of who is more qualified for the position, place, and event. There is no perfect blogger and even journalist. There are those who claim the journalist title whilst being deliberately puppeteered by commercial and political interests, rather than being watchdogs of the state and truth bearers for the people. 

I’m certain that arguments about the pros of citizen journalism will arise. In our own ways of being netizens that post and capture happenings in the online and offline setting, we all contribute positively to citizen journalism; expanding data accessibility and boosting exposure to more people. However, if the concept of citizen journalism is distorted as a dire excuse to legitimize unqualified individuals to capriciously blog and vlog in the Palace, it will jeopardize each and every one of us. 

Stuart-Santiago wrote, “[W]e blog because we can, but [we] also blog because we insist that there are alternative ways of seeing, as there are always the silences that surround us. We blog because we always imagine that at the very least, even if no one reads it or no one agrees with our story, it will reveal that someone thought differently from the mainstream.” She also insists that blogging is a necessity to question the status quo with a sense of responsibility.

Indeed, content produced by bloggers and vloggers aims to bring a nuanced and fresh take from the conventional. But an important question to ponder is: Are the bloggers who will be granted these extra privileges (that independent outlets and journalists hardly ever had) be there to analyze the status quo, or protect it? 

Why are journalists at fault—forced to adjust and hush—when certain politicians flinch at criticism, the consequences of their own misdeeds? The role of a reporter is not to beautify a pleasing picture of the government like a sponsored food review. They show up not only in favourable situations, but they arrive with unwavering tenacity and grit despite the circumstances. 

Every time they were barred to cover, nudged by the lapdogs of politicians, shaken by the deadliest typhoons and calamities, and bitterly silenced every time they uttered facts. They did not become professionals and put their lives on the line just to be effortlessly replaced by disreputable impostors. 

In the incoming six years, we must not only buckle our seats for the red carpet of populism rolled by President Duterte for his successor. We are challenged to muster the impetus to unearth the other odds of disinformation stacked against us. 

Before they desecrate the crevices of our history and democracy for good.

 

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Mikaela Gabrielle de Castro
Blogs Editor, Blogs Writer | + posts

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5 things that students with strict parents can relate to: Pandemic edition

Your request to see people in person as an attempt to improve your overall well-being definitely deserves some consideration from your parents.

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Screengrab from Jim Flores. Artwork by Mikaela Gabrielle de Castro/TomasinoWeb.

If you think your parents could not be any more stern, the two-year-old pandemic proves Filipino students (even those over 18 years old) wrong once again.

Trying to convince them with your gala plans and other outdoor activities with peers or colleagues already had you grasping at straws pre-pandemic. Now, it’s your job to continuously update your Bible-long presentation templates with scientific data on the SARS-CoV-2 virus while trying to appease them that you will follow the minimum health protocols while you’re out.

Even UST Senior High School (SHS) student Jim Flores was compelled to create a presentation entitled ‘Bakit Dapat Ako Payagan Gumala.’ The snippet made rounds on Twitter which featured the isolating effects of online learning along with the necessity of face-to-face (F2F) interaction as the University shifted to an enriched virtual mode of education in 2020.

To Filipino students with strict parents and are thinking of making their own persuasive PowerPoints, here is a list of five struggles you may have gone through during your countless attempts to gain your parents’ gala approval amidst the pandemic. 

1. The “it’s too dangerous to go outside” argument

Photo from Jonathan Cellona/ABS-CBN News

The Philippines ranked last in the Global Finance World’s Safest Countries for the second time last year after the 2019 rankings. You also have your fair share of “holdap” stories and near-death experiences trying to cross the streets. The airborne virus might just seem like an addition to the grueling list of hazards in the country.

In the back of your mind, you truly empathize that your parents care about your safety. Getting infected with COVID is no joke; at this point, you should know that the stages of the disease span from mild to severe and acquiring it can make you a spreader of the said pathogen. However, some people forget that health is a holistic state of being; not just the absence of disease.

Moreover, eight dimensions of wellness include: emotional, spiritual, intellectual, physical, environmental, financial, occupational, and social. Lacking in some aspects can also result in debilitating effects. In a way, it’s just as dangerous to take the other dimensions for granted. Your request to see people in-person as an attempt to improve your overall well-being definitely deserves some consideration from your parents.

2. Parents think it’s just for leisure

Photo from Unsplash

Hobbies count as a leisure activity but they also hone talent, skill, and possibly a future profession. It’s time to remove negative connotations with the word ‘leisure.’ Many students across the country have not even set foot in their universities and colleges due to the aforementioned virus. Some of the important life skills were picked up by students through their daily commute and interactions inside a learning institution during the pre-pandemic era.

How would I learn how to ride a jeep? How should I establish a rapport with my blockmates? When should I leave to avoid traffic or rush hours? These are questions you may have asked yourselves. For some of you, it’s your own way to set a sense of responsibility to fend for yourselves in the real world.

3. Physical interaction is not yet an academic requirement

Screengrab from Jim Flores

While higher education institutions are not allowed to make you complete academic requirements solely through F2F means, it does not imply that it’s not needed for your personal growth at all. Some students learn best in the company of others which may lead to a better overall performance in school. Others just want time away from home to gather inspiration to take on responsibilities.

Flores cited in his presentation that online learning has made it likely for students to “interrupt their studies” and feel “more socially isolated.” A change of pace may sprout more productivity. Activities outside the comfort of your home should also be viewed as opportunities to develop your scholastic pursuits. Learning is not limited to what your school provides you.

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4. “You don’t even know them”

Photo by Deojon Elarco/TomasinoWeb

Yes and no. Is there an easy way to answer this? The dilemma is ironic because not knowing them could be the driving reason to meet them physically in order to know them. You’re lucky if your peers or blockmates are exactly the same set of people your parents knew before the pandemic. You may have met new people along the way and it’s even harder to convince them that they’re trustworthy.

Stranger danger is still a valid thing that your parents worry about especially for students who are still minors. A good compromise is to have a trusted adult with you if you have absolutely no experience on this — with experience comes knowledge.

5. You are only allowed to go out once COVID-19 cases dwindle

Photo by Vince Imperio/TomasinoWeb

“Kapag bumaba na ang active cases, baka pwede ng lumabas.”

If you were given a peso every time you heard that from your folks and the Philippine government, everyone would be millionaires by now. Not a lot of people have a clear understanding of COVID statistics. Pandemic fears can also be driven by a poor comprehension of figures; it can also instill a false sense of security.

Let’s go back in time. The Inter-Agency Task Force (IATF) curbed  Metro Manila’s quarantine classification on Nov. 4, 2021, to Alert Level 2 in preparation for the upcoming holidays.  Since active cases were seen to form a steady decline, the IATF figured to loosen-up the restrictions until the end of the year.

Alert Level 2 means that there are no age-based mobility restrictions. It allows an increased capacity for establishments such as dine-in services, beauty salons, and in-person religious gatherings, among other things. 

In December 2021, the number of newly recorded infections dwindled to less than 500 per day. The month maintained an unalarming streak of new cases in the first 3 weeks despite sums of people setting out to public establishments during the Christmas season.

COVID cases reached record-levels earlier this year as mobility and complacency with minimum health standards increased. The emergence of the highly infectious Omicron variant and the insufficient number of Filipinos who should be completely inoculated then was also blamed. Moreover, highest single-day tally ever recorded in the country was at 34,021 new COVID cases on Jan. 13.

Therefore, seeing a decline in new active COVID cases as a basis of safety from acquiring the respiratory virus should be taken with a grain of salt.

This is not to say that biostatistics and epidemiology are not efficient markers; rather, these sciences should be understood holistically.

Safety is not confined to these numbers. Following minimum health protocols, immunization records, health practices of people in close contact with you, and the type of venue you would go to also play a big role in your safety.

By strictly adhering to prescribed safety provisions in the country on COVID transmission prevention, you can do yourselves and others a favor. By holding onto that moral responsibility, you could be one less statistic from positive SARS-CoV-2 cases.

Despite how well a request to gala has been defended, a parent’s love for their child transcends sources, reasons, and arguments. There is no assurance that you will be granted absolute freedom in seeking the great outdoors because not even the best scientist can promise that the pandemic will end this year.

Hang in there.

 

Angela Gabrielle Magbitang Atejera
Reports Writer | + posts

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